The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), has been of immense help in this endeavor. NGA has provided a major portion of the NGS land gravity data set. NGA has also been instrumental in the creation of the various 30" and 3" elevation grids in existence. And, NGA was a partner in the joint project to compute the new global geopotential model, EGM96. Although the work of NGA generally precludes public recognition, their cooperation is gratefully acknowledged.
The Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and the The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), were engaged in a joint project to compute an improved global spherical harmonic model of the Earth's geopotential. This model incorporated the latest satellite tracking data, as well as altimeter data from TOPEX/Poseidon, ERS-1, and the Geosat Geodetic Mission. EGM96 also incorporated new surface and marine gravity data covering the globe, including the former Soviet Union.
EGM96 is a global geopotential model expressed as spherical harmonic coefficients complete to degree and order 360. Therefore, the shortest wavelength this model can exhibit is one degree, and its resolution is one-half degree (about 50 km). Although this model does not reproduce geoid structure at very fine resolution, it is global. We thank the many members of the project team for making this model available.
The United States Geological Survey (USGS), has for years been producing high resolution digital elevation models for the United States. Using the highest resolution (10 and 30 meter) DEMs from USGS, the National Geodetic Survey created a new 1 arcsecond DEM for the Northwest United States, NGSDEM99. This new DEM significantly improved our knowledge of the gravimetric geoid in the Northwest. We thank USGS for making their raw DEM data available to us.
The Geodetic Survey Division of Natural Resouces Canada has long been a partner with NGS in scientific research and studies. They have provided control data for the generation of GEOID03 along the northern tier states, as well gravity and terrain data for regions of Canada that impact the generation of USGG2003. We thank them for this direct support in the form of data as well as the in depth discussions relating to geodesy.